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Gerard Kreijen - page 2

Gerard Kreijen has 17 articles published.

Gerard Kreijen
Gerard co-heads the Loyens & Loeff International Trade Team . He specializes in public international law, with a particular focus on sanctions and export controls, the law of foreign investment, and anti-bribery and corruption issues. With respect to sanctions and export controls he advises companies active in e-commerce, aircraft manufacturing, the defense industry, the shipping and logistics sector, software development, and the renewables sector. Gerard is a regular speaker at international trade conferences and a guest lecturer at the University of Amsterdam and the Radboud University. He has published two treatises on international law, State, Sovereignty, and International Governance (Oxford University Press, 2002) and State Failure, Sovereignty, and Effectiveness. Legal Lessons from the Decolonization of Sub-Saharan Africa (Brill Academic Publishers - Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004). Gerard took a PhD in international law (with honours) from the University of Leiden (2003). He was educated at the University of Edinburgh (European law and legal theory) and the University of Leiden (Dutch law and public international law).

U.S. Uses CFIUS Regulatory Authority to Prohibit Transaction Between Two German Entities

U.S. law provides the President with broad authority to prohibit transactions that he deems to present a national security threat to the United States. In this context, national security concerns may, but need not, involve information that is trade-controlled or classified. By Jennifer Kies Mammen and Gerard Kreijen , 16 February 2017 At the end of 2016, President Obama used this power to… Keep Reading

Modernization of the EU export control system: What’s next ? (II)

As discussed in our earlier post on the modernisation of the EU Dual-Use Regulation, it is the revised ‘catch-all’-provision that most worries exporters. The inclusion of human rights criteria, the corner stone of the new ‘human security’ approach in the Dual-Use Regulation, risks to lead to new uncertainties for exporters (and their national regulators). Keep Reading

EU updates its list of dual-use items

The EU Commission recently updated the EU list of dual-use items, through the adoption of its annual Delegated Regulation. This update follows the decisions taken within the different framework of the international non-proliferation regimes and export control arrangements in 2015, and comes after the publication of the new draft Dual-Use Regulation, which provides for the control of specific cyber-surveillance technologies… Keep Reading

Export controls as a toolbox for human rights policy

There is an undeniable tendency to use export control regulations for the human rights agenda of the EU and its Member States. The latter enforce their goals, not only by taking advantage of the possibilities under the current export control framework but also by reconstructing this framework towards a human security approach. The crucial question is whether this is a… Keep Reading

The struggle of financial institutions in dealing with financial sanctions

Adopted in order to pursue foreign policy objectives, financial sanctions have become a source of increasing difficulty for financial institutions over the past few years. The ever growing number of applicable regimes tied to the international agenda is now also coupled with tighter enforcement measures. The opening on 31 March 2016, of the Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation (OFSI) in… Keep Reading

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