Your Blog on Export Controls & Economic Sanctions

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Gerard Kreijen

Gerard Kreijen has 16 articles published.

Gerard Kreijen
Gerard co-heads the Loyens & Loeff International Trade Team . He specializes in public international law, with a particular focus on sanctions and export controls, the law of foreign investment, and anti-bribery and corruption issues. With respect to sanctions and export controls he advises companies active in e-commerce, aircraft manufacturing, the defense industry, the shipping and logistics sector, software development, and the renewables sector. Gerard is a regular speaker at international trade conferences and a guest lecturer at the University of Amsterdam and the Radboud University. He has published two treatises on international law, State, Sovereignty, and International Governance (Oxford University Press, 2002) and State Failure, Sovereignty, and Effectiveness. Legal Lessons from the Decolonization of Sub-Saharan Africa (Brill Academic Publishers - Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004). Gerard took a PhD in international law (with honours) from the University of Leiden (2003). He was educated at the University of Edinburgh (European law and legal theory) and the University of Leiden (Dutch law and public international law).

Dutch Prosecutor Demands 80.000 Euro Fine in New Sanctions Enforcement Case

On 9 November 2017 another case concerning the breach of sanctions was brought before the Dutch court. This case is the latest example of an increased enforcement effort of the Dutch authorities. From the information published on the government website, it appears that the public prosecution (the Prosecution) has demanded that a logistics provider (the Defendant) will be fined an… Keep Reading

Two-Year Prison Sentence Demanded in Dutch Sanctions Enforcement Case

Another case that seems to betray a tougher line of sanctions enforcement in the Netherlands has emerged. On 21 August 2017, the Dutch public prosecution (the Prosecution) demanded two years of imprisonment for a managing director of a Dutch company which had dealings with Iran (the Defendant). In this case, brought before the Court of Den Bosch, the Prosecution has… Keep Reading

The Restrictive Measures Against Qatar: Watch Closely …

The unprecedented restrictive measures which Saudi Arabia, the U.A.E., Bahrain, and Egypt have imposed on Qatar last month could pose a greater challenge to international business than you might expect. The measures are difficult to navigate, making their scope opaque. Once you have taken the trouble to familiarize yourself with the activities that are being targeted, it will become clear… Keep Reading

Export Controls Enforcement by the Dutch Court | Part 1: The Case of the Logistics Provider

Unlike in the US, few European countries disclose detailed records of the enforcement of export control regulations. The Netherlands are no exception to this rule. For their guidance, economic operators basically will have to depend on the odd court case. Remarkably, a Dutch court recently rendered two separate judgments concerning export controls enforcement at the same date. By Gerard Kreijen,… Keep Reading

U.S. Uses CFIUS Regulatory Authority to Prohibit Transaction Between Two German Entities

U.S. law provides the President with broad authority to prohibit transactions that he deems to present a national security threat to the United States. In this context, national security concerns may, but need not, involve information that is trade-controlled or classified. By Jennifer Kies Mammen and Gerard Kreijen , 16 February 2017 At the end of 2016, President Obama used this power to… Keep Reading

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